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ggpk Tile Floors July 25th, 2018 - 08:14:34
There are formulas used in the industry to determine if the subfloor has excessive `deflection` [bounciness. lack of rigidity]. The most cited one is the Tile Council of North America standard for deflection. which is stated as L/360 as a minimum. before tile underlayment is installed. L/360 means that the floor should not bend under weight more than the length (expressed in inches) of the unsupported span divided by 360. For example. if the span between supports runs for 20 feet then the deflection should not be more than 2/3" between the center and the end. L=20 x 12" = 240". L/360 = 240"/360 or 2/3". So 2/3" is the maximum amount of movement the center of the span should be allowed to move.
Glazed and Unglazed Tiles. Firstly. there are glazed and unglazed tiles; the glazed tiles can be cleaned very easily and do not stain as often as unglazed tiles. All you need to do is run a mop soaked in warm water with a mild detergent solution across them from time to time. The problem with glazed tiles is that they are very smooth and therefore can be quite slippery. This is dangerous. especially if the kitchen area is prone to water spillage or if there are young children in your home. To avoid this. you could choose unglazed tiles over glazed ones. Unglazed tiles will prevent the floor from being slippery and have an aesthetically pleasing textured surface. Then again. unglazed tiles will not be as durable as glazed ones - they will be relatively more prone to damage because they are not protected by that extra layer of glazing.
You also have ceramic tiles. This kind of tile is the inexpensive way to achieve the look of granite or marble floors. They can give the effect of having water on your floors that`s oh so dramatic. Another kind of tile you can use as flooring is metal tile. These are either industrial gratings or stainless steel. If you want your floor to have the look of brass. bronze or steel. this is the one to go for. You can mix and match this tile with other kinds of tiles to accent the floor and create a point of interest in the room.
How tough is the tile to be installed? Fairly thick quarry tiles. for example. may be rated for heavy duty industrial applications. although they are often installed in homes. Because they are thicker than normal tiles and able to withstand heavy traffic. they may be less prone to cracking than a sensitive. thinner tile. For that matter. natural stone such as marble and granite are on the other end of the spectrum - they crack even easier than ceramic tile and should not be used in settings where any excess deflection is possible. Intuition may tell you they are stronger than ceramic. but in fact they are more brittle and prone to cracking. They need twice as rigid a floor as ceramic.