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ggpk Tile Floors July 10th, 2018 - 18:22:03
There are formulas used in the industry to determine if the subfloor has excessive `deflection` [bounciness. lack of rigidity]. The most cited one is the Tile Council of North America standard for deflection. which is stated as L/360 as a minimum. before tile underlayment is installed. L/360 means that the floor should not bend under weight more than the length (expressed in inches) of the unsupported span divided by 360. For example. if the span between supports runs for 20 feet then the deflection should not be more than 2/3" between the center and the end. L=20 x 12" = 240". L/360 = 240"/360 or 2/3". So 2/3" is the maximum amount of movement the center of the span should be allowed to move.
Is there an unfinished ceiling below to look up and measure the distance between joists and the condition of the wood below and how long the unsupported span is? A few minutes in the basement with a flashlight and tape measure can let you know if you have a winner (thick and deep joists. spaced closely together. in good condition. with a narrow span). or a loser (thin and shallow joists. irregularly spaced or spaced far apart. in bad condition. with a long span).
Glazed and Unglazed Tiles. Firstly. there are glazed and unglazed tiles; the glazed tiles can be cleaned very easily and do not stain as often as unglazed tiles. All you need to do is run a mop soaked in warm water with a mild detergent solution across them from time to time. The problem with glazed tiles is that they are very smooth and therefore can be quite slippery. This is dangerous. especially if the kitchen area is prone to water spillage or if there are young children in your home. To avoid this. you could choose unglazed tiles over glazed ones. Unglazed tiles will prevent the floor from being slippery and have an aesthetically pleasing textured surface. Then again. unglazed tiles will not be as durable as glazed ones - they will be relatively more prone to damage because they are not protected by that extra layer of glazing.
Tile floor installation is a clear-cut process. Once your contractor has determined your sub-floor can handle the weight and rigidity of tile. he designs a "map" so that the tile is straight. Next. adhesive is spread. and the tiles are "squished" into it. A level is used on each tile to make certain it is flush. and a rubber mallet can tamp down any spot that`s higher than the rest. Spacers are placed between tiles. until the adhesive dries them into place. Border tiles are cut to size and laid. The spaces are grouted. and when it is dry the tiles are cleaned. and sealed.