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ggpk Tile Floors July 09th, 2018 - 18:01:13
Knowing the kind of subfloor you`ll be installing ceramic tile flooring over is important. There are three main types of subfloors you might encounter: Vinyl. plywood. and concrete floors. Installing ceramic tile flooring directly to your vinyl or linoleum subfloor surfaces is greatly discouraged. One. it may contain asbestos fibers; and two. vinyl flooring is not a solid as good ol` concrete flooring. When installing ceramic tile on vinyl. experts would recommend rough-sanding. or scarifying. the vinyl floor surface first so your tiling mortar has good grip to set on.
Is there an unfinished ceiling below to look up and measure the distance between joists and the condition of the wood below and how long the unsupported span is? A few minutes in the basement with a flashlight and tape measure can let you know if you have a winner (thick and deep joists. spaced closely together. in good condition. with a narrow span). or a loser (thin and shallow joists. irregularly spaced or spaced far apart. in bad condition. with a long span).
Tile floor installation is a clear-cut process. Once your contractor has determined your sub-floor can handle the weight and rigidity of tile. he designs a "map" so that the tile is straight. Next. adhesive is spread. and the tiles are "squished" into it. A level is used on each tile to make certain it is flush. and a rubber mallet can tamp down any spot that`s higher than the rest. Spacers are placed between tiles. until the adhesive dries them into place. Border tiles are cut to size and laid. The spaces are grouted. and when it is dry the tiles are cleaned. and sealed.
There are formulas used in the industry to determine if the subfloor has excessive `deflection` [bounciness. lack of rigidity]. The most cited one is the Tile Council of North America standard for deflection. which is stated as L/360 as a minimum. before tile underlayment is installed. L/360 means that the floor should not bend under weight more than the length (expressed in inches) of the unsupported span divided by 360. For example. if the span between supports runs for 20 feet then the deflection should not be more than 2/3" between the center and the end. L=20 x 12" = 240". L/360 = 240"/360 or 2/3". So 2/3" is the maximum amount of movement the center of the span should be allowed to move.