ggpk Tile Floors July 09th, 2018 - 18:12:52
The first thing to do is to make sure that the tools you will use are ready at hand. These tools should include basic carpentry tools like an accurate measuring tape. a carpenter`s square and a bubble level. You should also be prepared with the tiles and all you need to space them and put them together: tile spaces. a tile cutter. a trowel. and a putty knife. Then you must get your adhesives ready: tile bonding material. thin set mortar or tile adhesive. the sealant. the grout and a rubber grout float. Also you must make sure that you are wearing work clothes or overalls. glasses and heavy-duty gloves for safety.
For plywood subfloors. be sure that the wood is at least 1 and 1/8 inches thick and is supported by an equally strong underlayment. Otherwise. your ceramic tiles will dislodge easily. or worse. break and need replacing. Concrete floors are the most ideal subfloor surface to work with. But before you can start installing ceramic tile flooring over it. it must be cleaned thoroughly. For dust and other debris. sweep and then mop your concrete subfloor surface. and allow it to dry completely. Smooth concrete surfaces must be rough sanded just like vinyl floors to allow the tiling mortar some grip.
The need for repair is rare. but it`s easy to have damaged tile replaced. Ceramic is strong. but it has been known to break when significant weight is accidentally dropped on it. Replacement is as simple as removing broken pieces. laying replacement tile. adding new grout to the area. and perhaps new sealant. Keep a few tiles around so that they match if needed. The occasional wipe or mop begins and ends the care-free maintenance of ceramic tile. The sealant that was applied during tile floor installation made it impervious to water and stain. Ceramic tile comes as close to requiring no upkeep as any flooring available. Of course. tile needs regular cleaning. Because it is impenetrable to water. tile patios and utility spaces can literally be hosed down. You only need standard off-the-shelf cleaning products.
Fine. but how do you know if your floor meets the L/360 standard? We face this in the field all the time. but in remodeling. there`s not always a clear answer. There are published tables for calculating deflection. (including a really cool online calculator at http://www.johnbridge.com/vbulletin/deflecto.pl ) but they assume you have full knowledge of how the floor was built. To be able to use the engineering tables. you`d need to know how far apart the joists are. the length of the unsupported span. how thick the joists are. what type of wood and in what condition the wood is in. as well as how thick the plywood is. if any. Realistically. if all of this flooring is hidden by finished ceilings below and covered over by old flooring layers above. educated guessing takes center stage. The following questions help to determine floor stiffness using common sense guidelines